It’s really annoying if we get insomnia. Daily activities become disturbed, work will be piled up due to lack of concentration. We both know that lack of sleep will greatly affect various lines of life.
Health, physical appearance, and work productivity will be reduced because it is undermined by insomnia. Therefore, it is important for us to know what are the causes of insomnia so that we can feel a good night’s sleep and quality.
Insomnia is a condition where a person experiences difficulty sleeping or cannot sleep according to the time needed by the body, even though he actually has plenty of time to do it.
This condition causes a person to become lethargic, not fit or less eager to carry out activities the next day.
Insomnia is also interpreted as a sleep disorder. People who suffer from insomnia have difficulty or have difficulty starting to sleep, maintain sleep, or both. As a result, they only sleep for a while or sleep in poor quality.
There are a number of things that can cause insomnia or insomnia, including the following:
1. Medical Conditions for Causes of Insomnia
There are many medical conditions or diseases (mild and serious) that cause insomnia. In some cases, the medical condition itself causes insomnia, whereas in other cases, it is the symptoms caused by the medical condition that make it uncomfortable to sleep.
Examples of medical conditions that can cause insomnia, such as the following:
• Nasal allergies and sinusitis.
• Gastric Acid Disease (GERD).
• Endocrine disorders such as hyperthyroidism.
• Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease.
• Chronic pain.
• Low back pain.
The use of drugs to treat allergies, high blood pressure, heart disease, thyroid disease, birth control pills, asthma, and depression can also be causes of insomnia.
In addition, there are also some sleep disorders that underlie the occurrence of insomnia, including:
# Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a neurological condition in which a person who experiences it has a large and irresistible urge to move his legs to get rid of the discomfort.
With conditions like this, of course, it will cause insomnia and always be awake. This syndrome is estimated to affect 10% of the world’s population.
# Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea or sleep apnea is a condition in which a person who is sleeping experiences a respiratory problem, even when breathing sleep will stop for a few seconds. This causes a person to flinch and suddenly wake up from sleep.
Conditions like this can occur until repeatedly throughout the night so that the quality of sleep is disrupted and can be a cause of insomnia.
Therefore, if you have a sleep disorder or insomnia, the author recommends that you immediately check your health condition to the doctor. It may be that insomnia or other sleep disorders that you experience are caused by medical problems.
Did you know, insomnia can also be caused by psychiatric conditions such as depression. Someone who is depressed, the symptoms will look like easily tired, not passionate, and daydreaming.
This condition causes sufferers to have trouble sleeping, even if they can sleep but later on, usually they will wake up early in the morning and cannot sleep again.
The good news, whether insomnia or depression can be treated with adequate antidepressant treatment and the administration of low-dose anti-insomnia drugs. It is important to live this life wisely, if you have a problem of any size, believe me, there will be a solution. Don’t make you depressed then abandon your health.
Start thinking positively and throw away negative thoughts,
The next cause of insomnia is anxiety. This is mostly experienced by adults, who usually think too much about life problems, whether it’s work or a relationship.
This burden of mind on the head often makes it difficult for people to sleep because they feel anxious and nervous all night long.
Anxiety symptoms that can cause insomnia include:
• Caught in thought about past events.
• Too worried about future events.
• Feel burdened by responsibility.
• Too self-centered and feeling.
Anxiety can be associated with the onset of insomnia (insomnia), and maintenance of insomnia (always waking up in the middle of the night and not being able to sleep again). This anxiety can be overcome with therapy or medication, although these two approaches cannot produce results quickly.
In cognitive therapy, patients will be trained on how to view threatening events as something that must be addressed calmly. Generally, this therapy lasts for 10 to 12 weeks.
In order to be more effective, the antidepressant drug will be given for 4 to 12 weeks, depending on the progress of the patient’s condition.
4. Lifestyle Causes of Insomnia
Insomnia can be triggered by behavior or sleep patterns. Unhealthy lifestyle and sleep habits trigger insomnia by itself (without underlying psychological or medical problems).
Here are some examples of lifestyle and sleep habits that cause insomnia, including:
• Work at home until late at night. Conditions like this make it difficult for a person to unwind, even when sleepy the eyes are forced to be literate. Moreover, the light from a monitor can make the brain more alert.
• Sleep during the day (though short). In some people, napping can indeed help them to feel quality sleep at night. On the other hand, napping will make it difficult for some people to sleep at night.
• Change lost sleep time (‘revenge’). The habit of ‘revenge’ to replace this missed sleep time can confuse your body hours, so it will be difficult to sleep again the next night.
• Shift workers. The condition where you work with irregular times, sometimes at night sometimes at noon. This ‘messy’ time confuses biological sleep hours in your body so that the body cannot ensure the right bedtime for itself.
Some cases of insomnia initially seem trivial, but it does not rule out the possibility that it will turn into a long-term problem.
For example, you cannot sleep for one or two nights, because of a bad event. Well, if the next night you even begin to apply unhealthy sleeping habits, such as backing up, waking up in the middle of the night to work or watching, or drinking alcohol before going to bed.
This can be a cause of insomnia or make insomnia continue and potentially turn into a more serious problem.
That’s the reason why it’s important to deal with insomnia rather than continuing to let the cause of insomnia become a habit. If you have tried changing the pattern of sleep behavior but still not succeeded, try to visit a doctor to consult while getting the best solution.
5. Food Causes of Insomnia
Some substances in food and also with diet can cause insomnia. Here are some reasons for the aspects of food that cause sleep disorders, including:
Alcohol can indeed be a sedative, which can cause drowsiness and make you fall asleep immediately. But sometimes, alcohol consumption only makes you fall asleep at the beginning, then wakes up at night, until it is difficult to sleep again.
It’s better not to consume alcohol, the danger is far greater than the benefits for the body, including being a cause of insomnia.
Caffeine is a stimulant. Most of us may have the habit of drinking coffee in the morning to help keep ‘fresh’ and feel productive. Consuming enough caffeine is good for most people, but if the levels are excessive, it will even cause insomnia.
There was a poll conducted by the National Sleep Foundation in 2005. In this poll, it was concluded that someone who consumed four or more caffeinated drinks/cans in a day was more prone to symptoms of insomnia than those who did not drink or drink only one cup / can just the day.
So if you do not want to experience insomnia, you should not consume foods or drinks that contain caffeine too close to bedtime, given the effects of long-lasting caffeine can reach 8 hours.
Nicotine is also a stimulant and can cause insomnia. Smoking nearing bedtime will make it difficult for you to fall asleep and if you can, it usually won’t sound good. In addition, smoking is very bad for health. Stop smoking for better health and quality of life.